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Trustworthiness in qualitative research refers to the level of credibility, accuracy and reliability of the observations. The researcher ensures the validity of data, the accuracy of results and the authenticity of interpretations. Trustworthy qualitative research fulfils 5 main parameters (discussed one by one below); Credibility, transformability, dependability, conformability and authenticity.
It would be best if you used systematic procedures to ensure the validity and reliability of data via procedures like triangulation, member checks, and peer review.
As a researcher, you should be mindful of research bias; being unbiased while making your observations make your research more credible and trustworthy. I want you to please make careful efforts to minimize bias; it will reflect on you as a credible researcher with brilliant personal values.
To determine trustworthiness, several methods can be employed, including:
- Credibility: This pertains to the degree to which the conclusions fairly represent the participant's experiences. Researchers might utilize extended engagement, persistent observation, and triangulation strategies to create credibility.
- Transferability: This relates to how broadly the results may be applied to other groups or circumstances. Researchers can offer comprehensive, thorough explanations of the setting in which the study was done to prove transferability.
- Dependability: This indicates how similar the results would be if the study were done again. Researchers can employ methods like peer debriefing and member verification to ensure reliability.
- Confirmability: This indicates the degree to which the findings may be independently confirmed. Researchers can make their data available for inspection and give thorough documentation of the study process to prove confirmability.
- Authenticity: It relates to how precisely the study has captured the opinions and experiences of the participants. Analysts can employ strategies like reflexivity and critical self-awareness to achieve authenticity.
It is important to note that trustworthiness is an ongoing process that should be evaluated throughout the entire research project rather than an outcome that can be achieved at the end of the study.