Topic 1: Cause and Effect of Cracks in Building Structures
Research Aim: Building cracks are a type of structural fault that make buildings ugly and less stable. In this study causes and effects of cracks in building structures are investigated. The study also determines how cracks may be caused by structural instability or non-structural difficulties, and they may be minor, moderate, or numerous. The study highlights how the construction of building structures could be controlled not only for building construction problems but also for health-wise, security-conscious, and socially acceptable issues. This study implements a primary research method to complete the investigation.
Topic 2: The Suitability of Gravel and Sand Materials used in Construction
Research Aim: When making concrete, the fine and coarse aggregate must have the right balance of mechanical and physical qualities to provide the concrete with the desired strength. The usage of aggregates, especially fine and coarse aggregate, throughout the creation of concrete is covered in this study. The study also determines the factors through which the coarse aggregate used in construction could possess high compressive strength. The study employs a secondary research methodology to complete the research.
Topic 3: Impact of Proper Maintenance on Infrastructures in Urban Areas
Research Aim: The other infrastructures, including roads, railways, facilities for solid waste management, drainage and sewerage facilities, are the focus of the study. In this study, the varied sizes and amenities offered were also examined, along with the many flaws and potential fixes for some particular infrastructures. The study is one of the civil engineering project topics, which determines how maintenance standards are maintained to increase the life of several urban infrastructures. The study uses a secondary research methodology.
Topic 4: Impact of Contemporary Technology on the Construction Industry
Research Aim: The technological era is regarded as a tool that helps construction businesses operate more successfully and economically. The research focuses at research on the contemporary technology utilised in the construction industry and the deployment caused by the technology in the construction sector of the United Kingdom. The study also sought to pinpoint crucial elements that affected and impeded the functioning of construction enterprises. The study employs a secondary research method to complete the investigation.
Topic 5: Different Types of Foundations and Their Application in Construction
Research Aim: Different types of foundation bases are used in many sorts of structures; every foundation has a special configuration and design that increases a structure's resiliency and stability. This civil engineering dissertation topic aims to determine that while building a structure, what are essentials to provide a solid foundation that can support the structure in every climatic circumstance without decaying or collapsing. This study aims to understand what materials are best, what designs can be employed, and what kind of foundation is required for a specific structure. To complete the investigation, this study will follow a secondary research methodology.
Topic 6: Using Bamboo as a Construction Material
Research Aim: Bamboo has now become a good construction material in areas of the world where earthquakes, hurricanes, and typhoons occur particularly regularly because of its reduced weight but also elasticity. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to comprehend bamboo's performance as a building material. Further research is done to determine how bamboo differs from rigid concrete and steel structures in its ability to resist seismic and wind-related shocks. The study also explores additional building construction methods using bamboo. The investigation is conducted by examining past papers using a secondary research methodology.
Topic 7: Modern Methods for Construction
Research Aim: The construction sector uses a variety of new advancements these days, like various building materials, extra equipment, various kinds of gear, etc. The study's goal is to make construction firms aware of how crucial it is to maintain and keep up with infrastructure expansion in several other countries in today's competitive business world. Therefore, the focus of this study is on advanced techniques for cutting costs that include labour costs, transportation costs, extended material life and several other costs. A secondary methodology that involves the analysis of many research publications is applied.
Topic 8: Design for Earthquake Resistance and its Significance
Research Aim: Structures designed to resist earthquakes of a specific magnitude and frequency are referred to as earthquake-resistant. The study's goal is to investigate the value of earthquake-resistant design. Shear walls, cross braces, diaphragms, plus moment-resisting frames are among the critical parts of earthquake-resistant structures that are covered in more detail in the study. The study also goes into the best building material for earthquake resistance that can aid structures to endure seismic waves. The investigation is accomplished by studying previous research publications.
Topic 9: Impact of Lightning Strikes on Building Structures and the Corrective Measures
Research Aim: A structure's chance of being struck by lightning relies on a variety of variables, including the overall height of the structure, the quantity of lightning and its impacts on the vicinity, either it is fenced by elements, or it may be isolated. The research paper goes through how lightning affects constructed structures. The study also covers the corrective actions against a lightning strike on the building. If a structure lacks a lightning rod, lightning typically hits the tallest point of the building and pursues an unregulated path to earth using cables, concrete structures, antennas, or pipes. A secondary research approach is applied to complete the study.
Topic 10: The Significance of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) in Civil Construction
Research Aim: Due to rising project complexity and stakeholder expectations, the construction sector has undergone major changes in recent years. This dissertation topic in civil engineering aims to investigate how PPE attempts to minimise risk exposure when administrative control and engineering measures are either impractical or insufficient to minimise the risk intensity. The study also focuses on certain PPE adoption strategies for construction projects. To carry out the research effectively, a primary research approach is used.
Topic 11:Bridge Rehabilitation, Maintenance, and Restoration
Research Aim: The superstructures such as bridges may sustain numerous kinds of harm over time, either from frequent use or by the elements used in the structure. The study determines the rehabilitation, maintenance and restoration of bridges. The study is one of the civil engineering research topics, which also determines how structural integrity and traffic control constraints must be followed.
Topic 12: Significance of Slope Erosion Control in Construction
Research Aim: To prevent soil erosion, maintain slope stability, facilitate drainage, and design physically breath-taking landscapes, civil engineers and landscape architects require tested solutions. The purpose of the study is to understand slope erosion control fully. The project also examines a variety of other strategies that could be employed to slow or eliminate erosion on steep slopes. The study describes the way slopes can be stabilised through excavation, installing a surface cover, and modifying (or regrading) the slope geometry. The approach to fortifying the slope is also explained in the report. The secondary methodology is used to complete the investigation.
Topic 13: Impact of Ultra-high Performance Concrete (UHPC) in Constructions
Research Aim: 1. A few developed countries are now using UHPC, an upgraded concrete first presented as reactive powder concrete (RPC) over two decades ago. The study investigates how the superior structural performance and durability characteristics of UHPC make it a civil engineering component. It might also transform the structural effectiveness of the construction sector in the coming years. The classification of UHPCs depending on mixed fractions and mechanical characteristics is thoroughly reviewed in this research. The study uses a qualitative research method to complete the investigation.
Topic 14: Impact of Cost Management in Construction Projects
Research Aim: 1. Due to its significant impact on economic growth, the construction sector is critical in any economy. This study will highlight the factors that relate to employment prospects and the draw of foreign direct investments (FDI), which significantly raise an economy's GDP. The primary objectives of this study are to ascertain and comprehend the impact of cost management on project delivery, the rise in project budgeting, and the impact of non-matching specifications on delivery. The study also proposes strategies to avoid these issues. This study implements a primary research approach to accomplish the research on the study topic.
Topic 15: Examining Various Materials that Serve as Sound Barriers
Research Aim: 1. A speciality known as soundproofing focuses on actively reducing the impact of noise by using a variety of soundproofing materials in various structures. The main goal of this study is to analyse numerous materials that can serve as sound barriers. The study is among the civil project topics which intend to elaborate on soundproofing, including its numerous causes and treatments. An in-depth discussion of the soundproofing mechanism is another goal of the study. Once sound travels from a source, it vibrates whenever it comes into contact with air or other objects along the way. Different research data will be collected in the study using a secondary methodology.