Methodology: Methodology refers to the overall approach that a researcher takes in conducting a study. It includes the theoretical framework, research design, and the methods that will be used.
Method: Method refers to the specific tools and techniques that will be used to conduct the study. This includes factors such as the type of data you collect, the tools you use, and the research design you follow. For example, if you are conducting research on “rising causes of social anxiety”, your methodology can be a “survey.” The specific method you use to administer the survey (e.g., online vs. in-person) would be considered a separate method.
In your dissertation, you will need to clearly state which methodology and methods you used in order to conduct your research.