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It involves a collective discussion of any unresolved or controversial issue to establish the truth. A common opinion should result from the debate without disagreement. You must create the fact without accepting one view a priori as correct. It requires careful preparation and is always limited in time.
One of the benefits of discussion is that it reduces the moment of subjectivity, because the beliefs of individuals or groups are generally supported, making them absolute. Conversely, it necessarily promotes a better understanding of opponents if it does not result in universal agreement.
You may find it difficult to write the section that discusses your manuscript because it requires you to think about the meaning of your research. You should explain to the reader why your research is important and what it means.
In a nutshell, your discussion answers the question, “what do my results mean?” Following the methodology and results, the manuscript discussion should follow. Literature reviews should consider your results within the context of the questions raised in your introduction.
Dissertation discussion sections serve two purposes: a) they express your viewpoint on the research topic, and b) they answer the research questions introduced in the introduction.
You will be adding value to the existing literature within your field of study with every piece of information you present here. Working out the best structure for your dissertation discussion section will depend on how you organized your findings in the preceding chapter.
Depending on what pattern you chose in your findings section, you might want to organize your analysis and discussion by theme. Generally, however, academia uses a discussion structure based on research questions as it provides a clear indication of how you have addressed the study's objective.
Each research question is required to be evaluated by the supervisor or committee members at most UK universities. It will be in their best interest if you separate your discussion into questions according to the research question.
Regardless of the type of writing you are doing, every piece of writing should begin with an introduction. In the introduction paragraph that follows the study results, you may want to summarize the contents of the discussions that follow (as explained above). The discussion chapter should also end with a concluding paragraph - allowing your interpretations to be summarized.
Pro Tip: Since dissertation analysis and discussion chapters are usually lengthy, it makes sense to emphasize the key points in a concluding paragraph. The reader will also be able to understand your analysis if you do this.
The dissertation discussion chapter demonstrates your abilities to describe and analyze the results of your research - allowing you to explore the relevance, significance, and meanings of your findings.
Using your research findings, demonstrate how you answered the research questions established or tested the hypothesis. The dissertation analysis and discussion chapter lay the foundation for your overall conclusion. The results must be discussed in a precise manner.
To ensure you stay on track when writing your dissertation discussion chapter, here are the main elements of this section:
In writing the dissertation discussion chapter, you need to make sure that the results you mention are aligned with the question, aim, and objectives of your research. There is often overlap between the discussion and conclusion chapters. The Discussion and Conclusion sections may be combined into one chapter, depending on your university.
Sometimes, the results and discussion are combined into a chapter called Results and Discussion. The next section will explain this in greater detail.
Several of the points discussed in the thesis discussion section overlap with those in the results section - the results section presents the data, and the discussion section explains it. Research types (qualitative vs. quantitative) differ in how the discussion section is structured. It is common for discussion and results in sections to be merged in qualitative research, such as in Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS). The sciences domain typically separates these sections in thesis studies involving quantitative research.
Discussion sections in theses also overlap with conclusions; the discussion sections present detailed analyses and interpretations of the data; the conclusion sections summarize the main conclusions. Some fields of study may also combine the discussion and conclusion sections.
Pro Tip: Consult your supervisor and check your academic institution's requirements if you are unsure of which structure to use.
Below are the steps:
Note: Facts that are established must be mentioned in the present tense. Refer to previous studies in the past tense.
Provide an overview of the key findings of your research questions at the beginning of your discussion. Repetition of previous chapters' information is not recommended.
You will be required to interpret the results in one or two paragraphs to address the original research questions. You can present your findings in a few different ways:
While the results might seem obvious to you, your audience will expect you to explain them. Readers should be able to understand the value of your research by clearly linking the results and interpretations to your research questions.
Depending on the type of research, you will choose a different method for interpreting the data. Among the most common strategies are;
The Discussion chapter can begin with the following examples:
Does your study have any practical or theoretical implications for other researchers?
The reader must be able to discern how your research will contribute to existing knowledge by relating your results to the existing literature. In order to determine the potential consequences of your findings, you should ask yourself the following questions:
If you want to make a contribution to the existing literature, then you should briefly describe how your study will do this.
Acknowledging limitations in your research will strengthen your credibility as a scientist.
Other factors, such as unexpected research obstacles, methodological decisions, and the overall research design, may have influenced your study's results, in addition to the possible human errors.
Be careful not to mention limitations that are irrelevant to your research purpose, but clearly state those that may have impacted your findings.
A tiny population sample size, for example, may not allow you to generalize your findings.
Research limitations can also affect your results. Explain to the reader why the findings of your study are still valid despite these obstacles.
Research limitations directly affect recommendations for future research, however, other researchers can build on these recommendations by including the areas you could not report in your research work.
The recommendations are sometimes included in the conclusion chapter.
Dissertation Proposal Lays Down the Outline of Your Final Dissertation
Get a Dissertation Proposal that matches your requirements, which includes the topic title, research aim and objective, research questions, research gap, literature review, methodology and list of reference papers.
The Dissertation Proposal will be foundation of your final dissertation. It is very important to get this done perfectly to avoid any problems!
Students often struggle with this portion of their dissertation, where they need to demonstrate a high level of analytical and critical thinking skills as well as demonstrate that their research contributes to the current state of research in their field. The tips in this section will help you cope with this challenging task by helping you write a convincing discussion section.
Are there any problems to avoid?