The findings and conclusions of a study are presented in the discussion section. An insightful commentary explains to readers what may be inferred from your research and gives context to the findings.
It has to concentrate on summarizing and analyzing what you discovered, demonstrating how it pertains to your literature review, and formulating an argument for your conclusion. It shouldn't have its own results page.
There are several approaches to writing this part, but you should centre your work on the following crucial ideas:
You've already presented the purpose of your research and given a thorough explanation of the technique, so when the time to write a discussion comes, you've already done the groundwork. The discussion educates readers on the study's broader implications in light of the findings. When submitting to a publication that chooses papers based on novelty or prospective effect, it can be difficult to highlight these implications without overstating the findings. The discussion section always concludes what your study's results imply, irrespective of the journal you submit to.
A good discussion section contextualizes your findings. It should contain:
Reiterate your research question at the beginning of this section and briefly summarize your key results. Instead of just restating all the information you have previously provided, try to give a concise summary of the overall finding that directly addresses your primary research question. There should only be one paragraph in this.
The distinctions between a discussion part and a results section are difficult for many students to understand. The key is to provide your results in your conclusion section and analyze them subjectively in your discussion. To keep your paper crisp, try not to combine the components of these two sections.
Even if the relevance of your findings may seem clear to you, it's crucial to explain it to your reader by demonstrating how they directly address your research topic.
Using the same format as your research section, you might arrange your discussion around major elements, hypotheses, or research topics. You can alternatively start by emphasizing the most important or unexpected findings.
Be careful to link your findings to the academic works you reviewed in the literature review and provide your personal opinions. The discussion should demonstrate how your results fit our current understanding, what fresh insights they add, and what implications they have for theory or practice. The reader should be notified of the precise contribution that your study has made and why they should care.
Even the most thorough research has specific limitations. It's crucial to acknowledge these in order to establish your trustworthiness. Limitations aim to depict what can accurately and cannot be inferred from your study rather than just listing your mistakes.
Limitations may result from the general study design, particular methodological decisions, or unexpected challenges that surfaced throughout the research process.
You can offer suggestions for practical applications or more studies based on the discussion of your findings. The suggestions are occasionally reserved till the end.
The constraints might immediately result in recommendations for more study. Don't just say that additional research should be done; provide specific suggestions for how future work may expand on the subjects that your current study was unable to cover.
While the parts mentioned above can aid in your brainstorming and help you organize your discussion, authors make several frequent mistakes when experiencing problems with their papers. It could be challenging to strike the right balance while writing a discussion between summarising your findings, giving appropriate context for your research, and avoiding presenting new material. Remember that your article should deliver the results with confidence and sincerity!
You should have a second person read your work to make sure it makes sense; if not, it probably has to be revised. To summarise, remember that the main purpose of writing a scientific discussion is to highlight your findings. So, take the time to ensure it is comprehensive, concise, and relevant.