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In the maritime industry of the globe, the safety culture had become one of the main priorities. This is because, when essential safety culture is practiced in the maritime industry, the performance of the industry increases. Further, the effective practice of a safety culture in the maritime industry provides an intense level of competitive advantage to the chosen industry. In the maritime industry of Nigeria, the main focus of management is to develop, and maintain a level of safety culture that provides effective protection and support to the environment and the workers of the industry at a similar time (Altinpinar, and Basar, 2018).
This effective level of safety measure implication can only be performed when the workers of the Nigerian Maritime industry have enough level of knowledge about the issues that are being experienced in the past and present so that they can be aware of such safety issues in the future. The current research proposal is been developed for determining and analyzing the level of knowledge and attitude of workers towards the safety culture that had been practiced in the maritime industry of Nigeria. While identifying the safety culture in the maritime industry of Nigeria, the current researcher has come across the problem
In the maritime industry, human errors are made while recording the safety issue that is been experienced by Seker, and Zavadskas, (2017) for making an effective study on analyzing the safety culture. These human errors in recording the safety issues are being made due to the lack of knowledge among the workers in the maritime industry. This lack of knowledge and understanding of workers for addressing the safety issues of the maritime industry develops a problem for the organizations in delivering an effective safety culture in the industry for the vessels and its workers. This makes the maritime companies powerless in delivering effective safety culture to their workers (Seker, and Zavadskas, 2017).
The developed aim of the current research proposal is to analyze the knowledge level and attitude of the workers and other staff members towards the safety culture in the Maritime industry of Nigeria so that the maritime industries can solve the mentioned problem of human errors in recording the safety culture of the maritime industry effectively.
With the above-developed research aim, the following research objectives were identified.
Objective#1: To critically analyze the practices of the maritime industry in delivering effective safety to the workers from work-related hazards.
Objective#2: To critically identify the knowledge level of workers for safety issues while performing their assigned tasks in the maritime industry.
Objective#3: To critically analyze the hazard reporting practices of companies working maritime industry of Nigeria.
Objective#4: To critically discuss the safety culture in the maritime industry of Nigeria.
Objective#5: To critically indicate the processes followed in the safety culture of the maritime industry of Nigeria.
Question#1: What safety practices are used in the Maritime industry of Nigeria?
Question#2: What level of knowledge is practiced by the workers of the Maritime Industry while experiencing different safety issues?
Question#3: What type of hazard reporting practices are been followed in the Maritime industry in Nigeria?
Question#4: What type of safety culture is supported in the Nigerian maritime industry?
According to Ogbonna, and Harris, (2015), culture can be described as the complex framework used for expressing the professional and national attitudes of the individuals who are working or are living in the society. Concerning the term culture beelined above, the corporate culture can be described as the process that is used in a corporation for attaining the committed goals of the organization. The corporate culture is been developed by the corporate heads of the organization for increasing the overall commitment of the organizational workers to attaining the organizational goals (Nazarian, Atkinson, and Foroudi, 2017).
It had been criticized by Komu, and Kibe, (2019) that culture plays an important part in the development of society and industry as well. Therefore, the organizational culture can be explained as the collection of activity performance patterns that are followed by the organizational employees belonging to various ethnic groups. Concerning the organizational culture, the safety culture that exists in the maritime industry can be explained as the processes that are performed by the management of the industry for delivering effective safety to the workers so that they can perform their assigned tasks effectively (Dyson, 2019). Based on the workers belonging to different ethnicities, the safety culture is also developed by the shared values of every ethnicity in a manner that does not contradict the main organizational culture (Hiekkataipale, and Lämsä, 2019).
Moreover, Abeysiriwardhane, et al., (2016) explained the impact of knowledge in developing the attitude toward resolving the safety issues experienced by the Maritime workers. The level of knowledge acquired by the workers while their training can support them in reducing the level of issues of safety. Further, it had been identified by Håvold, and Oltedal, (2018) that knowledge about safety issues in the workplace can support an increment in the performance of the workers. This is because, with fewer safety issues, the workers feel free in performing their assigned tasks. This freedom in performing the activities by the workers of the maritime industry can also support the growth in the performance of workers and the industry on the whole. It had been also notified by different researchers that knowledge about safety issues in the industry helps the workers in performing their assigned tasks effectively and efficiently (Relling, et al., 2018).
The methodology is the most important part of the research that is been conducted on any given topic. The methodology helps the researchers in identifying the research philosophy through that helps the research in defining the research approach for collecting and analyzing the data for producing and explaining the results (Quinlan, et al., 2019).
Alston and Bowles, (2018) had identified three main types of research philosophies that are used in social sciences research. These are interpretivism; positivism, and realism. All these mentioned research philosophies will be explained in the third chapter of the research. The developed proposal is using the positivism research philosophy. This type of research philosophy will help the current researchers in acquiring the factual knowledge deduced from the reality-based events (Hughes, and Sharrock, 2016).
Research approaches are the practices used by the researchers for learning more about their chosen research topic in a specified manner. Three main research approaches are generally been used in different types of research. These are the qualitative research approach; the quantitative research approach; and, the mixed approach (Bullock, Little, and Millham, 2017). All these approaches are explained in detail in the third chapter of the current thesis. But, for the sake of the current research proposal, it is stated that the current research will be using mixed methods for collecting and analyzing the data.
For the current research proposal on the topic of analyzing the workers’ knowledge and attitude towards the safety culture in the maritime industry of Nigeria; the data collection will be based on the primary technique of data collection. These primary techniques are related to doing surveys with the vessel employees and taking interviews with the managers of the maritime industry. The sample size will be based on interviews with 15 maritime industry managers, and the survey will be conducted with 200 vessel employees. The attitude of workers will be measured using an attitudinal scale that will be developed using the Likert method of summative scaling based on “strongly agree, agree, neutral, disagree, and strongly disagree”. Moreover, the knowledge will be measured through a mix of direct and indirect methods of knowledge measurement. That is, the use of the direct approach of developing association and indirect knowledge measuring approach of using performance reports and work experiences of the workers will be used for measuring the knowledge.
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From the selected topic of the research, it can be identified that the main limitation of the current research is for studying the safety culture in the Maritime Industry of Nigeria. This means that the study is been limited to a specific country and industry. The study had other limitations that are based on the scope of conducting research. That is the researchers of the current study are unable to collect and analyze broad data that can help in broadening the scope of their research.
Abeysiriwardhane, A., Lützhöft, M., Petersen, E.S. and Enshaei, H., 2016. Human-centred design knowledge into maritime engineering education; theoretical framework. Australasian Journal of Engineering Education, 21(2), pp.49-60.
Alston, M. and Bowles, W., 2018. Research for social workers: An introduction to methods. Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work, 30(3), pp.96-97.
Altinpinar, I. and Basar, E., 2018. Comparison of the safety cultures of Turkish aviation and maritime transportation workers. International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics, pp.1-10.
Bullock, R., Little, M. and Millham, S., 2017. The relationships between quantitative and qualitative approaches in social policy research. In Mixing methods: qualitative and quantitative research (pp. 81-99). Routledge.
Dyson, T., 2019. The military as a learning organisation: establishing the fundamentals of best-practice in lessons-learned. Defence Studies, 19(2), pp.107-129.
Håvold, J.I. and Oltedal, H.A., 2018. Culture and maritime safety. In Managing Maritime Safety (pp. 53-70). Routledge.
Hiekkataipale, M.M. and Lämsä, A.M., 2019. (A) Moral Agents in Organisations? The Significance of Ethical Organisation Culture for Middle Managers’ Exercise of Moral Agency in Ethical Problems. Journal of Business Ethics, 155(1), pp.147-161.
Hughes, J.A. and Sharrock, W.W., 2016. The philosophy of social research. Routledge.
Komu, M.D. and Kibe, J., 2019. EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATION CULTURE, ORGANISATION PERFORMANCE IN MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING: A CASE STUDY OF AIRLINE ‘A’IN KENYA. EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATION CULTURE, ORGANISATION PERFORMANCE IN MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING: A CASE STUDY OF AIRLINE ‘A’IN KENYA, 33(2), pp.10-10.
Nazarian, A., Atkinson, P. and Foroudi, P., 2017. Influence of national culture and balanced organizational culture on the hotel industry’s performance. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 63, pp.22-32.
Ogbonna, E. and Harris, L.C., 2015. Subcultural tensions in managing organisational culture: a study of an English Premier League football organisation. Human Resource Management Journal, 25(2), pp.217-232.
Quinlan, C., Babin, B., Carr, J. and Griffin, M., 2019. Business research methods. South-Western Cengage.
Relling, T., Lützhöft, M., Ostnes, R. and Hildre, H.P., 2018, July. A human perspective on maritime autonomy. In International Conference on Augmented Cognition (pp. 350-362). Springer, Cham.
Seker, S. and Zavadskas, E., 2017. Application of fuzzy DEMATEL method for analysing occupational risks on construction sites. Sustainability, 9(11), p.2083.