Academic writing is a formal writing style used in academic settings. Academic writing is characterized by its use of formal language, focus on objectivity and adherence to academic conventions such as citation. This type of writing is usually research-based and often required in college-level coursework.
When it comes to writing academic essays, some standard conventions must be followed. The following guide will explain how to write an academic essay and give examples of what a high-quality essay should look like.
Whether you're struggling with getting started or a professor who wants to ensure your students are meeting the mark, read on for some helpful tips!
Academic essays typically follow a standard structure that includes the following:
In an academic essay, the Introduction serves two purposes.
The Introduction should begin with a broad opening statement that sets the context for your paper. For example, if you're writing about the development of the American economy, you might start with a brief overview of American history. From there, you can limit your focus to the specific topic of your paper.
In your thesis statement, which should come at the end of your Introduction, you need to take a position on your chosen topic. For example, you might argue that forces of geography and climate primarily shaped the American economy. By providing a clear overview of your main points and taking a position on your topic, you will give readers a roadmap for your paper and set up your argument.
The body of an academic essay is the section that follows the Introduction and lead-in. The body paragraphs present the evidence and reasoning that support the thesis statement. Each body paragraph should emphasize a single main idea, and all sentences should support that idea.
The initial sentence of every body paragraph is known as the topic sentence and should provide a brief overview of the paragraph's main idea. The rest of the sentences in the paragraph should develop that central idea, using supporting evidence from research.
In the general body, paragraphs should be arranged logically and flow smoothly from one point to the next. For example, suppose you are crafting an essay about the history of the American Revolution. In that case, you might start with a paragraph about the Causes of the Revolution, followed by a paragraph about the Boston Tea Party, and so on.
Follow these tips to make your body paragraphs stand out.
The conclusion of an academic essay is where you summarise your main points and provide a final assessment of your argument. That is your chance to tie everything together and show how your essay has supported your thesis statement.
In many aspects, the conclusion is the most important part of the essay, as it gives you the last opportunity to make your case and persuade your reader to agree. It is, therefore, significant to ensure that your conclusion is well-written and leaves a positive impression. Here are some tips for writing a strong conclusion:
While writing an academic essay, it is important to cite your sources correctly. Otherwise, you risk committing plagiarism, which can result in severe consequences. There are different types of citations that you can use, depending on the format of your paper.
Universities and courses have different citation requirements for papers. Make sure to ask your instructor about the citation system to be used. Always include a list of all your sources at the end of your paper in the approved citation format. It is a prerequisite for an academic essay.
Your thesis statement is a comprehensive summary of the main point of your essay. A thesis sentence within an academic essay generally focuses on your main ideas by presenting an argument or insight to catch readers' attention. It should be clear and concise, and it should state the main argument of your essay. A strong thesis statement will make it easier for you to stay on track while writing your essay. You can take help from the following example:
Hook: Everyone has told a lie at one point, but as it contradicts something we know to be true, lies are always exposed, revealing the truth beneath them
Topic: Macbeth learns this the hard way
Thesis: One theme in Macbeth by William Shakespeare is that the truth will eventually come out.
Before you start writing your essay, it is essential to do your research. Writing an Academic essay requires you to use evidence from Journals, books, magazines and the internet etc., to persuade or inform an audience about a particular point. Research writing exists in various forms. It would help if you tried to find as much information as possible on your topic. It will help you to understand the issue better and make it easier for you to write a well-informed essay.
Once you have done your research, it is time to make a comprehensive outline of your essay. This will help you to organize your thoughts and logically structure your essay. Following is an example of a general outline of an academic essay that you can consider while writing.
After you have made an outline, it is time to start writing your first draft. According to the 80/20 rule, you can write 80% of your essay in 20% of your time, which is possible through making the first draft. Don't worry about making the draft perfect at this stage; focus on getting your ideas down on paper. You can always revise and edit your essay later. The elements associated with the draft include how to write an introduction, topic sentences, formal academic language, paragraphs, conclusion, formatting and referencing.
When writing your essay, be sure to use clear and concise language. Avoid using overly technical terms or jargon that may not be familiar to your reader. Writing Clearly and concisely requires you to choose your words deliberately and precisely while writing your academic report. You should construct sentences carefully to eliminate or minimize deadwood in your writing. You must also keep track of proper grammar usage. By writing clearly and concisely, you will be able to achieve your point directly in a way your audience can easily comprehend.
When making an argument in your essay, be sure to back it up with evidence from your research. That will help to make your argument more persuasive. Follow the three-step procedure given below to use evidence in a paragraph clearly and persuasively:
Anytime you use information from another source, make sure to cite it properly. Failure to do so might result in plagiarism, which is a serious academic offence. It properly acknowledges the writers of any terms or concepts you used in your article. It enables readers of your work to find your sources and read more about the concepts you present in your article.
Once you have finished writing your essay, ensure to edit and proofread it carefully. This will help to ensure that there are no errors or typos in your work. A proofreader will check the document for errors, including misspellings, improper or missing punctuation, textual and numerical irregularities, etc. On the other hand, editing fixes fundamental writing problems, including vague language and poor sentence structure. A comprehensive editing process will enhance the text's readability, clarity, and tone.
When writing an academic essay, follow any instructions or guidelines your professor or instructor provides. Failure to do so could result in a lower grade. It's crucial to practise the following instructions in everyday situations. Instructions can impact grades, topic knowledge, and skill execution in a classroom context. Before submitting your essay, getting feedback from someone else is always a good idea. It could be a family member, friend or fellow student. Getting feedback can help you to identify any areas where improvements can be made
The active voice is typically favoured in scholarly writing due to its emphasis on accuracy and clarity. Think about who is doing the action in the sentence, and put them (or it) at the start. Avoid using the passive voice (e.g. “It has been highlighted by several researchers that…”). Instead, say “Smith and Jones (2012) highlighted that…”
Review the following:
We hope this article has assisted you in understanding how to write acknowledgements and given you some ideas on what to include. If you need help getting started on your academic essays or would like us to take care of the entire process for you, please don't hesitate to contact our team at Premier Dissertation by simply dropping us a message on Whatsapp or by Email, and we will get back to you within 24 hours. We would be pleased to help you in any manner we can. Thanks again for reading!